That was one meaning in 1800, but “parbuckling” goes back earlier, and concerns artillery instead. Parbuckling was a way to haul heavy cannon from the base of a hill to the top, say when building a new fortification. Relocating heavy wheeled cannons across rough landscape proved such a problem during the Seven Years War in Canada that the Royal Artillery added rough-ground rigging to its curriculum for new cannoneers, and set up obstacle courses to train them.
As an example, a common parbuckling job for artillerymen was to remove the gun tube from its carriage (which can be done without a major effort by tilting the carriage forward until the muzzle is on the ground), then rolling the tube uphill, using ropes, blocks, and wooden runners. The carriage was brought up separately, on its wheels.
So it was best to pull the gun tube from the carriage at the start of the operation and roll it along the ground, using parbuckle ropes, then remount it at the destination. For very heavy tubes, the gun crews laid wooden rails along the ground to ease the job.
Parbuckling is one of many ingenious rigging methods worked out by combat engineers through the centuries. Many are still in use, such as the gin pole I saw used by tower workers when I visited a tower-building job for Smithsonian.